Thursday, May 21, 2020
Running Head: Hospitality Career Perception Career Perceptions of Undergraduate Hospitality and Tourism Students: A Case Study at Silapakorn International college, Thailand Aticha Kweangsopha 52501315 Kamonluk Phophan 52501301 Panadda Wongdermdee 52501317 MBA Student in Hospitality and Tourism Management Silapakorn University Career Perceptions of Undergraduate Hospitality and Tourism Students: A Case Study at International College, Silapakorn University Aticha K., Kamonluk P. and Panadda W. MBA Student in Hotel and Tourism Management International College, Silapakorn University Abstract The aim of this researchÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Moreover, the research attempts find out how they value their work experience and bachelor degree. Research Question This study aims to answer the following questions 1. Do students choose this program because they intend to work in hospitality industry? 2. Do students are aware of the working environment in the hospitality industry and what the hospitality industry requires? 3. What do students think about hospitality bachelor degree? 4. Do students value work experience over bachelor degree? Research Methodology Respondents The researcher selected undergraduate students of the Silapakorn University International Collage as respondents. The reason of choosing this group of respondents is because International Collage of Silapakorn University is famous for hospitality and tourism education. Besides, the researcher is current master student of this institute. The respondent encourages the researcher to gain an in-depth knowledge of the issues. Out of 75 distributed questionnaires; twenty questionnaires from each of first-year, second-year and third-year students have been completed and returned. Fifteen questionnaires have been lost. Research Method The researcher had been considering various types of research design; the most suitable and fit with this research is a
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In order to provide a framework for my thesis statement on the morality of euthanasia, it is first necessary to define what euthanasia is and the different types of euthanasia. The term Euthanasia originates from the Greek term Ã¢â¬Å"euÃ¢â¬ , meaning happy or good and Ã¢â¬Å"thanatosÃ¢â¬ , which means death, so the literal definition of the word Euthanasia can be translated to mean Ã¢â¬Å"good or happy deathÃ¢â¬ . The different types of Euthanasia are active or passive euthanasia and voluntary or involuntary euthanasia. Passive Euthanasia generally refers to the ending of a persons life by removing the person from a life-sustaining machine, such as a respirator. This form of euthanasia is endorsed by the American Medical Association and is less controversial thanÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦I believe that active euthanasia is in and of itself a moral act when practiced under a framework of strict guidelines and laws used to make the determination on whether euthanasia is warranted. I believe the decision process used to determine whether or not to perform euthanasia must be accomplished on a case by case basis depending on a number of factors such as the patients overall medical condition, prognosis for recovery, ability to live without the aid of life supporting machines and the patients desires. Active euthanasia is currently only legalized in Oregon and Washington in the United States and in the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxemburg in Europe. One of the ethical norms most often cited when discussing morality surrounding euthanasia is an individuals right to autonomy. Ã¢â¬Å"A person organizes his or her own private life so that the government, doctors and nurses cannot counteract what a euthanasia requester considers as the individual realization of his or her autonomous choiceÃ¢â¬ ( Quaghebeur, Dierckx de CasterlÃ © Gastmans, 2009). Arguments for and against euthanasia are made on the basis of autonomy. Quaghebeur et al., go on to state doctors must respect an individuals right to autonomy, even if they do not agree with or feel qualified to carry out the request for euthanasia (2009). On the other hand, critics of euthanasia based on autonomous norms make the point that euthanasia carries in part, too little respect for the lives ofShow MoreRelatedThe Case Against Euthanasia913 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages(Kirkey 2). Euthanasia is defined as assisting a terminally ill patient with dying early. In many countries the legalization of this practice is being debated in many countries. All doctors against assisted suicide, including the 44 percent in Canada, are on the right side of the argument. Euthanasia should not be legalized because it is unnatural, it violates the Hippocratic Oath, and laws are to extensive. Protecting life is the ethical view of society today, and legalizing euthanasia offsets thatRead MoreEssay on Utilitarianism and the Case for Euthanasia1353 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesUnitarianism and the Case for Euthanasia One of greatest moral issues facing society today is that of freedom. Freedom is a principle that this country was founded on at the start of its inception. Freedom is still a cause that requires our attention. The great debate on simple liberties such as the right to decide what happens to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s body is still an issue that society has failed to resolve. It is a moral quandary that will continue to be discussed and a deliberated on as long as humankind areRead MoreEuthanasia: The Case of Susan Wolfs Father1150 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduction For a quite a while, Euthanasia and assisted suicide have been a topic of debate. The concern stretches from the legal, moral, religious and emotional basis. The query at hand is what is the appropriate response to assisted suicide? As opposed to Wolfs hastened response of No. It is widely accepted that there are varied reasons for allowing Physician-assisted suicide. However, Euthanasia is not as widely permitted. Reason to this is that physician assisted suicide is not like toRead More Euthanasia: The Strange Case of Dr. Kevorkian Essay664 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesEuthanasia: The Strange Case of Dr. Kevorkian Physicians face an ethical dilemma when confronting their patients who are suffering. Many have to choose between abiding by the law or ignoring the law and acting on their own beliefs by assisting in a patientÃ¢â¬â¢s suicide. Dr. Jack Kevorkian is certainly one doctor who has taken the illegal route in assisting in many of his patients suicides. In Ã¢â¬Å"Killer Doc,Ã¢â¬ William F. Buckley provides a brief overview of the case and informs his audience ofRead MoreEssay about The Terri Schiavo Case and Euthanasia1505 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdamage was due to a lack of oxygen. For years, Terri had an ongoing battle with bulimia, which most likely resulted in the incident. Police reports showed no signs of foul play. In 1992, Michael Schiavo was awarded one million dollars in a malpractice case against one of TerriÃ¢â¬â¢s physicians. Michael later claimed that TerriÃ¢â¬â¢s parents, the Schindlers, demanded that he share the money with him. This caused a falling out between the two parties. The Schindlers filed a motion to remove Terri from MichaelÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreThe Case Of Evan Motts Assisting His Wife s Euthanasia Essay1644 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesI am going to discuss in this essay the case of Evan Motts assisting his wife s euthanasia. I will cover the ethical issues regarding this topic including whether or not Evan should be punished. I will look at the theories of Kantian Ethics and Utilitarianism to justify whether or not Evan s actions were morally right. An Auckland man is facing a charge that carries a maximum penalty of 14 years after assisting his terminally ill wife to commit suicide. Evan Mott researched suicide methods andRead MoreEuthanasia Is An Action With A Medical Profession1525 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEuthanasia is an action with a medical professionÃ¢â¬â¢s help to finish a patientÃ¢â¬â¢s life with the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s requirement (D, np). In many peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s mind, euthanasia gives them a picture of patients struggling miserably at the edge of death (E, np). It is a controversial topic through centuries. A lot of people support it because they consider it is a useful treatment to those patients suffering from physically and mentally. Meanwhile, same amount of people try to find negative impacts of it to againstRead MoreEuthanasi Euthanasia And Euthanasia1515 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesetymology of the word Ã¢â¬ËeuthanasiaÃ¢â¬â¢ originates from the Greek language which has a literal meaning of Ã¢â¬Å"good deathÃ¢â¬ . Other names for euthanasia are Ã¢â¬Ëassisted suicideÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬Ëmercy killingÃ¢â¬â¢. Euthanasia is done when the person is suffering from a terminal illness such as cancer, and then steps are taken to end the personÃ¢â¬â¢s life so that they no longer have to suffer. [Helga Kuhse. July 1992. Bioethics News. The World Federation of Right to Die Societies. http://www.worldrtd.net/euthanasia-fact-sheet. AccessedRead MoreThe Moral Permissibility of Legalizing Active Euthanasia Essay1442 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPermissibility of Legalizing Active Euthanasia To date, in the united States of America, active euthanasia has been seen as unacceptable in legal terms. However, the issue is not so clear in moral terms among the public, and especially among the medical community. In fact, nearly half of the doctors in the United States say that they would prescribe active euthanasia under certain circumstances. The law that prohibits active euthanasia restricts many people fromRead MoreEuthanasia And The Current Legal Position Of Euthanasia1555 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesterm Ã¢â¬Å"euthanasiaÃ¢â¬ is derived from Greek, and means Ã¢â¬Å"Good death.Ã¢â¬ It is a broad term for mercy killing, which is a plea to euthanasia. It represents a serious socio-legal debate. People do not always die well. Some afflictions cause people to suffer extreme physical pain in their last days, and euthanasia may seem a compassionate way to end the pain. The case of Karen Ann Quinlan set a precedent for patientÃ¢â¬â¢s right to refuse unwanted medical treatment. However, the credit of bringing euthanasia to
Although several themes exist in the Lottery, only a few remain significant. Mrs. Hutchinson, who apparently arrived just moments after 10 A. We will write a custom essay sample on Literary Analysis of The Lottery by Shirley Jackson or any similar topic only for you Order Now M. , ended up as the not so lucky person that received the black dot on her ticket. Ã¢â¬Å"Clean forgot what day it wasÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. and then I looked out the window and the kids was gone, and then I remembered it was the twenty-seventh and came a-runningÃ¢â¬ (Jackson 3). She simply forgot the special event that took place that day and did nothing wrong. Never in the story did Shirley Jackson hint that Mrs. Hutchinson reeked of evil; however, she was punished brutally for no just picking a slip of paper out of some old, black box. Anyone in this small town, even the children, have the same chance of becoming the one murder victim. Ã¢â¬Å"Nancy was twelve, and her school friends breathed heavily as she went forward switching her skirt, and took a slip daintily from the boxÃ¢â¬ (5). This goes for AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s society where any random person can be jailed or accused of something they were wrongly accused for. Society punishes innocent citizens based on faulty accusations or just because they resemble an estranged serial killer. As soon as the news goes public, friends and even family members disown the Ã¢â¬Å"criminalÃ¢â¬ just like in the lottery where all of Mrs. HutchinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s friends turned on her. Mr. Summers, who interacted with Mrs. Hutchinson earlier, in a friendly manner, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦. and Mr. Summers, who had been waiting, said cheerfully. Ã¢â¬ËThought we were going to have to get on without you, TessieÃ¢â¬ (2) completely turned on Mrs. Hutchinson by the end of the story Ã¢â¬Å"All right, folks. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s finish quickly. Ã¢â¬ Even Mrs. HutchinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s own family turned on her. Ã¢â¬Å"The children had stones already. And someone gave little Davy Hutchinson few pebblesÃ¢â¬ (6). To the whole population of the village, the lottery was a ritual that had became a huge aspect of the villagers lives and thought nothing of it. Just like AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s accept football as the countries favorite sport and Spainards accept bullfighting as a ritual, the villagers accepted the lottery. The author describes the black box, in which the slips rest in. The black box grew shabbier each year by now it was no longer completely black but splintered badly along one side to show the original wood color, and in some places faded or stainedÃ¢â¬ (1). However, the villagers refused to accept change and kept the same black box because it was a ritual for as long as they recall. The line from the story Ã¢â¬Å"The people had done it so many times that they only have listened to the direc tionsÃ¢â¬ (3), illustrates how the lottery really filled out the word Ã¢â¬Å"ritualÃ¢â¬ . The villagers claim the black box was made from pieces of an older black box from many years ago. Using stones and making family lists has been around for so long that they are part of a tradition, and no one ever wants to break a tradition. The actual lottery symbolizes irony. A lottery usually happens when a ticket is selected at random and whoever has the ticket receives a nice or in some cases, an extremely wonderful sum of money. In the Lottery, however, everyone dooms the day when they Ã¢â¬Å"winÃ¢â¬ this lottery because their own people murder them. Although not so obvious, foreshadowing is used in the Lottery by Shirley Jackson. At the beginning of the story, the seemingly innocent children play with stones Ã¢â¬Å"Bobby Martin had already stuffed his pockets full of stones, and the other boys soon followed his example, selecting the smoothes and roundest stonesÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (1). Shirley Jackson presented the stones early in the story, but stones acted like a method of play until the end of the story where Mrs. Hutchinson was attacked by stones Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬ËIt isnÃ¢â¬â¢t fairÃ¢â¬â¢ she said. A stone hit her on the side of the headÃ¢â¬ (6). Shirley Jackson keeps the audience intrigued by dragging out the results of the lottery until the very end where the real use of the stones are mentioned. How to cite Literary Analysis of The Lottery by Shirley Jackson, Papers
Sunday, April 26, 2020
Joe Smith Ms. Johnson Period 4 22 May 2000 Suicide Lurks Over the Horizon Many people say that Ernest Hemingway's stature within the view of the public has only increased since his death, proving that his work has endured the test of time. In many minds of Americans who are familiar with Hemingway, he was a man of contrast and contradictions. Simply put, Americans have this theory of Hemingway because he stood for rugged individualism through his manly, brutish nature yet he committed suicide. However, in all honesty this notion is false. At first, agreeance with the majority was easy because it seemed logical but after reanalyzing Hemingway's works, it's definitive that Hemingway conversed with the world through his characters. Hemingway was trapped within the image he created for himself. He talked through his writing but he wasn't being heard nor understood. The foreshadowing of Hemingway's suicide was submerged throughout his writing but nobody could dive so deep in order to hear what he was saying until it was too late. Hemingway is clearly thought to be a higher and more prominent figure proceeding his death than he was as a tangible, animated person on Earth. During his prime years Hemingway created a "mythic persona" yet certain stature for himself (Nagel 1). He "defined manliness" but not solely through what he wrote, what he said, and what he expressed, but also through what he did: fishing for elusive gamefish from trout to tarpon and marlin, hunting to life threatening extremes for highly prized game, watching bullfights with a "discerning eye", being a women's man, dominating his nemeses, and pursuing all wars for the benefit of his nation (Valiunas 77). However, this claim to fame personality of Hemingway is what drove him six feet under. He built up such a recollected and admirable prestige to himself that there was no backing down. "Without the man who wanted to feel every thrilling sensation he could, the writer who sought immortality would have been utterly a loss" (77). Basically, he w as a fake, a phony, a false identity. Hemingway trapped himself into an unwanted status amongst the public through the means of the media. It's as if Hemingway was grabbed and thrown into an air tight cell where there was no way out but through the taking of his own life. Within just seven years of earning one of the most well known and prestigious awards within the field of literature, Hemingway took his own life (Gerard 254). He was portrayed as a man who desired immortality but later realized that he must go head to head, or gun to head is a better description, with the lack of eternity each day (254). It was "a suicide interpreted as the culmination of his belief in taking responsibility for his own life, even the termination of it" (Nagel 1). Hemingway suffered from severe depression and physical decline. His memory was depleted through electric shock therapy that he endured after hospitalization in the Mayo Clinic. On July 2, 1961, at the age of sixty two, Hemingway took his favorite shotgun, put the barrel of the gun to his head, and proceeded to pull the trigger (Gerard 254). From that dreary day in history to present day, Hemingway has grown in the eyes and minds of people across the world. Hemingway's "life certified the value of his art. But his art also proved the value of his life" (Valiunas 77). His simplistic and precise writing style, pathway to literature freedom, and hard core devotion to the humanities has left a permanent incision on the world of literature. In his works, Hemingway was immensely influential because of the aspects of modern life that he wrote about. "Hemingway's reputation and influence will forever rest on an uneasy blending of the myth of his personal adventures with the artistic merit of his best fiction" (Nagel 2). Many of his novels and short stories depict a universe that is engulfed of insensitivity, violence, and corruption. His main characters are all scarred both "physically and psychologically" by trying to find guidance within their lives (1). This is one of the main reasons that Hemingway's devotion to literature i s still appreciated as some of the best literary work ever produced. Almost any
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
Essay on Sports Essay Example Essay on Sports Essay Essay on Sports Essay Sports hold only a physical meaning for many people. Many believe that sports are just meant for physical fitness and fun as well. However, sports have a deeper meaning for me than being a mere physical exercise. I believe that sports are not just about the games, medals won, and the physical activity. Rather, they are more about bringing people together from different places in the world to enjoy a good time away from the daily activities. It binds people together through recreation and creates a better environment. Additionally, through the competitions and rules of a game, people learn to gauge their skills by comparing them with other people, finding out their weaknesses and strengths as well as putting effort to become better. Thus, growth within a person can be achieved both physically and mentally. More so, sports require the use of knowledge and skills at the same time in order to win. Therefore, the mind and the body are engaged towards the same activity holistically. There fore, sports go a far way in the life of a man such as improving their physical and psychological well-being as well as the social aspect. I believe that sport is not only meant for physical activity and physical fitness. Sports are responsible for uniting people from different parts of the world. For instance, during a game between two teams, people are drawn from different places to come and watch, either as fans of their teams or just usual spectators. My sport is wrestling, which draws many people from different places to watch. Whichever way, they are brought together by the sport, which fosters interaction between people that could have probably never met each other. Through wrestling, I have met several people, some who were spectators and others who were my rival. I have made friends with many of them and they play a big part in my both sport and future. This creates a better environment for everyone through its entertaining ability ensuring that all are happy. Despite there being a winner and a loser, people remain united and get closer. Additionally, through sports people, especially the players in a team, lea rn how to work together in order to win the game. Players in a team have to work together towards the same goal. One experience that I never forget is the number of friends I have made through sports, which is bigger than any other place. This makes sports a particularly special place for me to unite with friends. In another way, people at home and friends come together to enjoy watching a game together, which is yet another way of uniting people. Therefore, one of the biggest purposes of sports in my life is bringing people together. The other meaning of sports in my life comes from the competition between teams in games. Competition means displaying better skills under given rules that both teams follow. This helps one in understanding their abilities. It is only through competition that one can gauge themselves with others to understand their position. It is also the one way that people are able to understand their strengths and weaknesses. Through sports, one realizes what they need to do to improve their skills. This leads to personal growth since one keeps growing more and more through training every day as well as practicing tactics until they become skills. In wrestling, I used to practice my tactics daily in order to become better than my rivals were. This helped me to increase my tactics as well as gauge my skills against those of my rivals. This did not only improve me mentally, but also physically. It also increased my physical fitness, which science proves can keep one away from medical conditions in the future. To me, through sports one can improve their life from all aspects, both mentally and physically, leading to a better life. With the capability of building oneÃ¢â¬â¢s physical and mental status, sports ensure having a peaceful life. Sports are the best way of ensuring a harmonious relationship between the body and mind. To engage in sports, full concentration and body while playing are required. Wrestling involves physical energy to win. This required me to concentrate on my body as well as the tactics of the rival in order to win. Being calm before a game was one way of ensuring a harmony between the body and the mind. Thus, under the rules of wrestling, the body has to be controlled by the mind to attain optimum performance. Thus, with the ability of engaging both the body and the mind, one can have peace of mind while playing and achieve a mind-body holism, which influences professional practice. This improves the life of a person in both mental and physical status. Other things such as studying will engage the mental aspect without much regard to the physical. Thus, this is not as fulfilling as spor ts. Sports again manage to ensure people recreate their feelings. Through sports, people are able to recreate their inner feelings and moods. The only time that I am able to forget about everything else in life is while I am engaged in a wrestling match. Even after the match, my spirit is uplifted and inner emotions lightened. Physical activities require full concentration of the mind and body. Thus, at this moment especially in a competitive game, one cannot think of anything else. The same way as players, spectators who come to watch a game forget about their lives for that moment in order to enjoy the game. Therefore, sports are one way of drawing a person away from his daily stresses in life to enjoy another inner self that is created when one forgets all their trouble. During sports, I never have time to think of anything else. Thus, with concentration in a game, everything else is lost for that moment, and our spirits are renewed. We come off a pitch, ring or court feeling better both mentally and physically. This allows one to face other iss ues in life with ease. Sports provide an inner drive on the pitch as well as away from the playing fields. The thirst for excellence and perfection in an art is exemplified when they push for a step ahead against an opposing team or rival. Many of the young athletes and sport champions who have built a successful career often lead inspirational lives after retirement. It is suffice to say that, just as any other ambition in life, a fulfilled sporting activity gives any person a boost forward, a yearning for better days. It builds up a momentum to be superior with every opportunity given, to rectify the previous mistakes made. As an athlete runs head on towards the finish line or wrestling hard until the last minute, so do people who engage actively in sports forge ahead to complete their purpose. Any risk taken on a sporting arena is a final decision made by the participant. After months and years of training and listening to advice from different places, it narrows down to the players themselves. A decision made by a wrestler, on which tactic to use, defense to use or decision to make while tackled is a result of weighing various options. It is a risk taken and when it pays off, the returns are worthwhile. This constant replay of taking risks after constant evaluation extends to choices made outside the court. It builds up a common sense of sorts and analysis of options. As the mind grows, so does an ability to make rational decisions. A coach who can handle a team effectively and push them forward can also manage a big family and accomplish their dreams. The same concept applies. Every player faces a challenge to go on when all the odds seem against him/her. A penalty shoot-out, a final lap and you are not in the lead, a three-point shot on the final buzzer and a last tackle in wrestling before the buzzer go off. The desire to quit is so alive, but so is the passion to win. A win-win attitude no matter what forces lies against us, regardless of the waves that threaten to capsize any ship. We do not go down without a fight, until the dying breath. In any case, when a loss happens, there is always a better day, another opportunity to display our relentless efforts. Sports are meant to build a person in all aspects of life, spiritually, mentally, physically and emotionally. With such experience from wrestling, I have learnt that one can build their life with sports in a fulfilling way. It is through such experience that I chose a career in kinesiology so that I will inspire other people to embrace sports. I have lived a fulfilling life as an athlete and learnt that it can lead to an enjoyable life as well as interesting at the same time. Sports improve oneÃ¢â¬â¢s well-being holistically to enjoy life. For one to enjoy life, all aspects of life have to be in harmony. This will make one to enjoy a fulfilling life. The main aspects in a human life are the body, mind and soul. Sports have an ability to improve the three of them since they are engaged at the same time during play. Thus, I believe that sports are the best way of improving a manÃ¢â¬â¢s life from all aspects due to their ability of achieving mind-body holism.
Monday, March 2, 2020
Biography of Sun Yat-sen, Chinese Revolutionary Leader Sun Yat-sen (November 12, 1866Ã¢â¬âMarch 12, 1925) holds a unique position in the Chinese-speaking world today. He is the only figure from the early revolutionary period who is honored as the Father of the Nation by people in both the Peoples Republic of China and the Republic of China (Taiwan). Fast Facts: Sun Yat-sen Known For:Ã Chinese Revolutionary figure, Father of the NationBorn:Ã November 12, 1866 in Cuiheng village, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, ChinaParents: Sun Dacheng and Madame YangDied: March 12, 1925 in Peking (Beijing), ChinaEducation: Cuiheng elementary school, Iolani high school, Oahu College (Hawaii), Government Central School (Queens College), Hong Kong College of MedicineSpouse(s): Lu Muzhen (m. 1885Ã¢â¬â1915), Kaoru Otsuki (m. 1903Ã¢â¬â1906), Soong Ching-ling (m. 1915Ã¢â¬â1925); Chen Cuifen (concubine,Ã 1892Ã¢â¬â1912)Children: Son Sun Fo (b. 1891), daughter Sun Jinyuan (b. 1895), daughter Sun Jinwan (b. 1896) with Lu; Daughter Fumiko (b. 1906) with Kaoru Early Life Sun Yat-sen was born Sun Wen in Cuiheng village, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province on November 12, 1866, one of six children born to tailor and peasant farmer Sun Dacheng and his wife Madame Yang. Sun Yat-sen attended elementary school in China, but he moved to Honolulu, Hawaii at the age of 13 where his elder brother Sun Mei had lived since 1871. In Hawaii, Sun Wen lived with his brother Sun Mei and studied at the Iolani School, earning his high school diploma in 1882, and then spent a single semester at Oahu College before his older brother abruptly sent him back to China at the age of 17. Sun Mei feared that his brother was going to convert to Christianity if he stayed longer in Hawaii. Christianity and Revolution Sun Wen had already absorbed too many Christian ideas, however. In 1883, he and a friend broke the Beiji Emperor-God statue in front of his home villages temple. In 1884, his parents arranged for his first marriage to Lu Muzhen (1867Ã¢â¬â1952), the daughter of a local merchant. In 1887, Sun Wen left for Hong Kong to enroll in the college of medicine and left his wife behind. They would have three children together: son Sun Fo (b. 1891), daughter Sun Jinyuan (b. 1895), daughter Sun Jinwan (b. 1896). He would go on to marry twice more and take a long-term mistress, all without divorcing Lu. In Hong Kong, Sun received a medical degree from the Hong Kong College of Medicine (now the University of Hong Kong). During his time in Hong Kong, the young man converted to Christianity (to his familys chagrin). When he was baptized, he received a new name: Sun Yat-sen. For Sun Yat-sen, becoming Christian was a symbol of his embrace of modern, or Western, knowledge and ideas. It was a revolutionary statement at a time when the Qing Dynasty was trying desperately to fend off westernization. By 1891, Sun had given up his medical practice and was working with the Furen Literary Society, which advocated the overthrow of the Qing. He also began a 20-year relationship with a Hong Kong woman named Chen Cuifen. He went back to Hawaii in 1894 to recruit Chinese ex-patriots there to the revolutionary cause in the name of the Revive China Society. The 1894Ã¢â¬â1895 Sino-Japanese War was a disastrous defeat for the Qing government, feeding into calls for reform. Some reformers sought a gradual modernization of imperial China, but Sun Yat-sen called for the end of the empire and the establishment of a modern republic. In October 1895, the Revive China Society staged the First Guangzhou Uprising in an attempt to overthrow the Qing; their plans leaked, however, and the government arrested more than 70 society members. Sun Yat-sen escaped into exile in Japan. Exile During his exile in Japan, Sun Yat-sen met Kaoru Otsuki and asked for her hand in marriage in 1901. Since she was only 13 at the time, her father forbade their marriage until 1903. They had a daughter named Fumiko who, after Sun Yat-sen abandoned them in 1906, was adopted by a family named Miyagawa. It was also during his exile in Japan and elsewhere that Sun Yat-sen made contacts with Japanese modernizers and advocates of pan-Asian unity against Western imperialism. He also helped supply weapons to the Filipino Resistance, which had fought its way free from Spanish imperialism only to have the new Republic of the Philippines crushed by the Americans in 1902. Sun had been hoping to use the Philippines as a base for a Chinese revolutionÃ but had to give up that plan. From Japan, Sun also launched a second attempted uprising against the government of Guangdong. Despite help from the organized crime triads, on October 22, 1900, the Huizhou Uprising also failed. Throughout the first decade of the 20th century, Sun Yat-sen called for China to expel the Tatar barbarians- meaning the ethnic-Manchu Qing Dynasty- while gathering support from overseas Chinese in the US, Malaysia, and Singapore. He launched seven more attempted uprisings, including an invasion of southern China from Vietnam in December 1907, called the Zhennanguan Uprising. His most impressive effort to date, Zhennanguan ended in failure after seven days of bitter fighting. The Republic of China Sun Yat-sen was in the United States when the Xinhai Revolution broke out at Wuchang on October 10, 1911. Caught off guard, Sun missed the rebellion that brought down the child emperor, Puyi, and ended the imperial period of Chinese history. As soon as he heard that the Qing Dynasty had fallen, Sun raced back to China. A council of delegates from the provinces elected Sun Yat-sen to be the provisional president of the new Republic of China on December 29, 1911. Sun was chosen in recognition of his unflagging work raising funds and sponsoring uprisings over the previous decade. However, the northern warlord Yuan Shi-kai had been promised the presidency if he could pressure Puyi into formally abdicating the throne. Puyi abdicated on February 12, 1912, so on March 10, Sun Yat-sen stepped aside and Yuan Shi-kai became the next provisional president. It soon became clear that Yuan hoped to establish a new imperial dynasty, rather than a modern republic. Sun began to rally his own supporters, calling them to a legislative assembly in Beijing in May of 1912. The assembly was evenly divided between supporters of Sun Yat-sen and Yuan Shi-kai. At the assembly, Suns ally Song Jiao-ren renamed their party the Guomindang (KMT). The KMT took many legislative seats in the election, but not a majority; it had 269/596 in the lower house, and 123/274 in the senate. Yuan Shi-kai ordered the assassination of KMT leader Song Jiao-ren in March of 1913. Unable to prevail at the ballot box and fearful of Yuan Shi-kais ruthless ambition, Sun organized a KMT force to challenge Yuans army in July 1913. Yuans 80,000 troops prevailed, however, and Sun Yat-sen once more had to flee to Japan in exile. Chaos In 1915, Yuan Shi-kai briefly realized his ambitions when he proclaimed himself the Emperor of China (r. 1915Ã¢â¬â16). His proclamation as emperor sparked a violent backlash from other warlords- such as Bai Lang- as well as a political reaction from the KMT. Sun Yat-sen and the KMT fought the new emperor in the Anti-Monarchy War, even as Bai Lang led the Bai Lang Rebellion, touching off Chinas Warlord Era. In the chaos that followed, the opposition at one point declared both Sun Yat-sen and Xu Shi-chang as the President of the Republic of China. In the midst of the chaos, Sun Yat-sen married his third wife, Soong Ching-ling (m. 1915Ã¢â¬â1925), whose sister May-ling would later marry Chiang Kai-shek. To bolster the KMTs chances of overthrowing Yuan Shi-kai, Sun Yat-sen reached out to local and international communists. He wrote to the Second Communist International (Comintern) in Paris for support, and also approached the Communist Party of China (CPC). Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin praised Sun for his workÃ and sent advisers to help establish a military academy. Sun appointed a young officer named Chiang Kai-shek as the commandant of the new National Revolutionary Army and its training academy. The Whampoa Academy officially opened on May 1, 1924. Preparations for the Northern Expedition Although Chiang Kai-shek was skeptical about the alliance with the communists, he went along with his mentor Sun Yat-sens plans. With Soviet aid, they trained an army of 250,000, which would march through northern China in a three-pronged attack, aimed at wiping out the warlords Sun Chuan-fang in the northeast, Wu Pei-fu in the Central Plains, and Zhang Zuo-lin in Manchuria. This massive military campaign would take place between 1926 and 1928, but would simply realign power among the warlords rather than consolidating power behind the Nationalist government. The longest-lasting effect was probably the enhancement of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-sheks reputation- but Sun Yat-sen would not live to see it. Death On March 12, 1925, Sun Yat-sen died at the Peking Union Medical College from liver cancer. He was just 58 years old. Although he was a baptized Christian, he was first buried at a Buddhist shrine near Beijing called the Temple of Azure Clouds. In a sense, Suns early death ensured that his legacy lives on in both mainland China and Taiwan. Because he brought together the Nationalist KMT and the Communist CPC, and they were still allies at the time of his death, both sides honor his memory. Sources Bergere, Marie-Clare. Sun Yat-sen. Trans. Lloyd, Janet. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 1998.Lee, Lai To, and Hock Guan Lee. Sun Yat-sen, Nanyang and the 1911 Revolution. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2011.Lum, Yansheng Ma, and Raymond Mun Kong Lum. Sun Yat-sen in Hawaii: Activities and Supporters. Honolulu: Hawaii Chinese History Center, 1999.Ã Schriffin, Harold. Sun Yat-sen and the Origins of the Chinese Revolution. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1970.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Job Satisfaction - Article Example That may make them more satisfied with their "work" in the short run, but their performance certainly didn't improve. Each and every organization is faced with people challenges. How do you get public moving in the right direction Start where they are. The first step is to provide feedback to employees from their current point of view. That is where Inscape Publishing comes in. For nearly 30 years Inscape guides have been first choice for research-based self-assessments. They've helped over 30 million people worldwide progress performance, increase job satisfaction and value differences (Hines, 1990). All analysis are conducting by using SPSS for Windows (SPSS, 13.0) were utilized to conduct statistical analyses. Descriptive statistics were calculated for the employment background and the job satisfaction variables. Now we apply the hypothesis on overall job satisfaction level and ANOVA for intrinsic and extrinsic satisfactions. Since the computed value of z falls within the rejection region, so we reject the null hypothesis (at = 0.05). So there is sufficient evidence that the average overall job satisfaction is not equals to 4.5 The significance value of the F test in the ANOVA table is 0.000 and 0.002 for intrinsic and extrinsic cases respectively. ... Therefore, Z = Z = -2.1124 Critical Region At 0.05 level of significance, the critical values are as follows, Z Z/2 1.96 Decision: Reject Ho, Conclusion Since the computed value of z falls within the rejection region, so we reject the null hypothesis (at = 0.05). So there is sufficient evidence that the average overall job satisfaction is not equals to 4.5 Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) The significance value of the F test in the ANOVA table is 0.000 and 0.002 for intrinsic and extrinsic cases respectively. Thus, we must reject the hypothesis that average satisfaction assessment scores are equal across both intrinsic and extrinsic groups. Now that we know the groups differ in some way, we need to learn more about the structure of the differences. Taking overall job satisfaction as a factor - Obviously when a job is routine, these elements would be routine. What is routine is ordinary, and what is ordinary cannot be perfect. In order to have a perfect job, one has to break through these formal walls that are built to enclose a so-called professional world. Summary Employee expectations of certain standards for working conditions at the beginning of employment may be considered an implicit social contract with the employer. If those standards are not met, a violation of the contract occurs and system inequity results. System inequity may be the most powerful predictor of dissatisfaction given that, in addition to working conditions, it has been found to be antecedent to pay dissatisfaction. Firms seeking to reduce system inequity must promote realistic expectations of both pay and working conditions, particularly at the time of employment (Happell, 2003). In summary, this article has filled a gap in the